Football or Soccer? Why Americans differ

first_imgWTF Football or Soccer? Why Americans differ when it comes to ‘the beautiful game’ Ryan Kelly 23:00 2/3/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments() Tom Brady Michael Bradley Christian Pulisic Getty/Goal composite WTF Premier League Goal takes a look at the contentious topic to understand why there is a divergence and to see which – football or soccer – is correct The New England Patriots and the Philadelphia Eagles will collide on Sunday in what is undoubtedly the biggest event in the American sporting calendar – the Super Bowl.In the United States, they will eagerly embrace the 52nd edition of the American football showpiece as the sport envelopes the national psyche.While fans across the globe are also swept up in the excitement, pomp and ceremony, there will inevitably be a smattering of cynics scoffing at the use of ‘football’ to describe the sport. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player It is a long-standing gripe among football – or soccer – fans outside of North America, particularly in the United Kingdom, but how did it arise and, crucially, who is correct? Goal takes a look.Why do Americans call it soccer, not football?The sport of association football pre-dates the sport of American football, so it naturally begs the question, why do Americans call it soccer and the latter football?The origin of the word ‘soccer’ is thought to stem from a desire to differentiate association football – as codified by the Football Association in the 19th century – from Rugby football, a different sport that had risen to prominence around the same time. Rugby football thus became known to many as ‘rugger’ and association football became shortened to ‘soccer’, though ‘football’ was still used.Across the Atlantic in the United States, as the indigenous variant of football – known as gridiron or American football – evolved in the early 20th century, association football was commonly referred to as ‘soccer’ in news media. The indigenous variant, then, was simply ‘football’. However, the use of ‘socker’ or ‘soccer’ still did not sit right with some. A letter to the New York Times in 1905, for example, described the word soccer as “an exceedingly ugly and undignified” word, saying that it was “a thousand pities” newspapers persisted with the term.Michael Bradley Jozy Altidore Toronto FC MLS CupNevertheless, throughout the 20th century, a culture developed in which association football was increasingly known simply as ‘soccer’ and American football as ‘football’.This cultural phenomenon is perhaps most aptly summed up in the name of North America’s chief association football tournament, which is known as Major League Soccer, while the game’s governing body in the United States is known as the United States Soccer Federation. In contrast, the British governing bodies are known as football associations and, in England, for example, there is the English Football League.It must be said that the prevalence of ‘soccer’ to describe association football is by no means the preserve of American culture. It is also widely used in countries where there are more popular or widespread football sports, such as Ireland (Gaelic football) and Australia (Australian Rules football).Why is American football called football?Tom BradyAmerican football evolved out of the sports association football and rugby football. However, it has an entirely different ball and set of rules to both games.It is probably known simply as ‘football’ in North America because it is the most popular football variant and, unlike rugby football, its prefix alone – American or Canadian – would not be understood.While ‘gridiron’ is used to describe the game in countries like Australia and New Zealand, and it is understood in North America, it is not the preferred terminology.Why is there such a fuss?Part of the reason for the cynicism and snobbery over the use of the term ‘football’ to describe American football is because of the fact that the feet are rarely used in the game. While kicking with the feet is indeed involved, the majority of the play in the sport is carried out with the hands, leading many observers to quip that football is a misnomer.The same attitude of derision is often applied to other sports such as rugby, Australian Rules and Gaelic football.Football or soccer – which is correct?Christian Pulisic USA PanamaThe debate surrounding the use of the words football or soccer to describe particular sports is so divisive that academics have actually turned their minds to the subject in order to ascertain some degree of clarity and understanding.In 2014, University of Michigan professor Stefan Szymanski wrote a paper titled ‘It’s Football not Soccer’, in which he delved into the history of a variety of sports that are commonly referred to as football and what words have been used to describe them.The idea of the paper was to explore the “semantic reaction” to the different usage, including the so-called “torrent of invective” directed at Americans, in particular, for having the audacity to use ‘soccer’ instead of ‘football’ to refer to association football and ‘football’ when referring to American football.In sum, Szymanski discovered that the term ‘soccer’ was not an American invention at all, that it had been occasionally used in Britain as “an innocuous alternative to the word ‘football'” as far back as the 19th century and that it had even experienced an abrupt rise – and fall – after World War II.So, football came first, but soccer wasn’t too far behind. In short, they’re both correct! Check out Goal’s Premier League 2019-20 fantasy football podcast for game tips, debate and rivalries.last_img read more

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CBS Expert Picks Tennessee Over Florida State In National Title Game

first_imgCBS expert makes FSU Stanford prediction.Could Tennessee win the national title in 2016? One college football analyst believes so.The Tennessee Volunteers are a popular pick to win the SEC East and represent the division in the league’s title game this coming fall, but one college football analyst is taking it a step further. CBS Sports’ Brian Jones is picking the Vols to win the national title over Florida State.Jones has Tennessee, Florida, Michigan and Stanford in his College Football Playoff. Obviously, he has the Seminoles and the Vols advancing to play for it all.@gmannVOLS pic.twitter.com/6mNEAcUgra— Frank Abby (@FRANKtheTAU) August 27, 2016Butch Jones has certainly done a nice job rebuilding Tennessee, but many are hesitant to mention the Vols as a national title favorite until they prove they can beat rival Alabama. If that happens this year, expect everyone to jump aboard the bandwagon.[Saturday Down South]last_img read more

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Ohio State aiming to avenge loss to Wisconsin gain revenge against Purdue

As if the Ohio State football team needed more motivation after suffering its first loss of the 2010 season against Wisconsin, its next opponent is a Purdue team that stunned the Buckeyes last season. “I think a lot of guys have had this one circled for a while now,” junior left tackle Mike Adams said. “At Ohio State, we never like to lose games.” Last season, a Boilermaker team that held a 1-5 record entering the game upset the Buckeyes, 26-18. Entering the game, OSU was ranked No. 7 in the nation. In the defeat, the Buckeyes committed nine penalties for 65 yards, compared to Purdue’s one penalty for five yards. For the second time since 2004, OSU had lost to a team that didn’t reach a BCS bowl game. “We didn’t play as well as we could,” junior linebacker Andrew Sweat told the media after Tuesday’s practice. “They played really well.” Adams said the coaches have been using last year’s loss as a motivational tool in hopes of preventing a second straight defeat. “They’re definitely reminding us. We got some posters up all over the place,” Adams said. “It’s something that they’re obviously going to do, and you know, we need to be aware, and we can’t let that happen again.” Sweat agreed that last year’s loss to Purdue motivates the Buckeyes but said neither team is the same as it was a year ago. “You remember it, but that just gives you motivation to do better this year,” Sweat said. “Ultimately, it’s a new year, and you just have to go out and fight.” Aside from avenging their loss to the Boilermakers, sophomore fullback Zach Boren said the Buckeyes are also motivated not to feel the sting of a loss for the second straight week. “It’s one of the worst feelings,” Boren said. “You’re kind of just sitting there in disbelief. You’re just like, ‘Wow, like, that just happened.’” OSU coach Jim Tressel said last year’s loss adds extra motivation for this year’s match-up, but he hopes his team gives the same kind of attention to each opponent on a weekly basis. “What you hope you have full attention of is what you have to do to get better, more so than it being Purdue,” Tressel said. Tressel also said he’s aware of the kind of attention the Buckeyes receive on a weekly basis. “We told our guys countless times that there are 10 teams that want one thing for sure, and that’s for Ohio State not to be the Big Ten champions,” Tressel said. “Now let’s see how you can handle it.” This year will be OSU’s chance to knock Purdue down from atop the Big Ten standings, just as the Boilermakers did to the Buckeyes a year ago. Purdue is in a three-way tie for the conference lead, with Michigan State and Iowa also undefeated in Big Ten play. “We know they’re going to come in here and play hard. We went up there last year and they beat us, so we just got to go out there and get it done this week,” senior safety Jermale Hines said. “Any time somebody beats you, it goes towards motivation.” read more

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Mens Lacrosse drops ECAC conference opener to Loyola 129

Losing its fourth consecutive game, the No. 17 Ohio State men’s lacrosse team was unable to outscore the Loyola Greyhounds in the ECAC conference opener on Saturday. The Buckeyes had just come off a tough three-game road schedule, losing narrowly to No. 2 Notre Dame, No. 6 Virginia and unranked Albany. The Buckeyes struggled greatly with time of possession, as crucial turnovers and a nearly 2-to-1 ground ball advantage for the Greyhounds hindered OSU. “We’re not playing a championship brand of lacrosse right now,” OSU coach Nick Myers said after the game. “Credit Loyola — they’re a good team, but we didn’t play anywhere close to 60 minutes of Buckeye lacrosse today.” The Buckeyes were 8-for-25 in faceoffs, which also contributed to the their scant possessions. “Loyola is a team that is going to possess the ball,” Myers said. “When you don’t have the ball, your defense plays more than they want to, and ultimately that’s when breakdowns occur.” Leading the charge for the Greyhounds was senior midfielder Chris Palmer, who scored five goals. Fellow senior attackman Matt Langan also registered a hat trick. The Greyhounds set the tone early with a three-goal flurry in the first 12 minutes of the game. OSU rallied back in the second period to tie the game, 3-3, with Dominique Alexander scoring first. Alexander led the Buckeyes in scoring with two goals. Palmer was able to notch a goal near the end of the half to put the Greyhounds up, 4-3, at the break. The Greyhounds began strong in the third period with two goals. OSU freshman midfielder Michael Italiano responded quickly with a goal, but senior midfielder Mike Pires drew a two-minute nonreleasable penalty shortly after, which proved particularly damaging. The Greyhounds scored two quick goals while the Buckeyes were shorthanded, pushing Loyola up, 9-4. The Buckeyes were able to claw their way back into the game, bringing the score to 10-9 at the four-minute mark, but were unable to secure the win as the Greyhounds scored two final goals to put away the game. The Greyhounds star attackman Mike Sawyer was limited to one goal. Loyola managed to shut down the Buckeyes’ leading scorer, sophomore attackman Logan Schuss, who failed to score a goal for the first time in his entire collegiate career of 23 games. The loss starts the Buckeyes off at 0-1 in the early ECAC conference play, and brings them to an even 5-5 on the season. With the tough four-loss stretch, Myers said, his team simply will look to the future. “We have to keep working. We can’t focus on what’s been,” Myers said. “Right now we have the whole season in front of us, and this conference is wide open.” The Buckeyes will face Hobart at 1 p.m. Saturday in the Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium. read more

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Ohio State womens basketball drops second game of the season to Minnesota

The Minnesota Golden Gophers women’s basketball squad found a way to slow down the Ohio State fast-break attack Sunday. The Golden Gophers (12-11, 4-5 Big Ten) held the No. 9 Buckeyes (20-2, 7-2 Big Ten) to their third-lowest point total this season en route to their 76-65 win against OSU. Aside from the opening bucket, OSU played from behind the entire game. The deficit began early when the Buckeyes were down by 12 points with 7:41 in the first half, before closing the margin to six. With 30 seconds left in the half, Minnesota sophomore guard Sari Noga sank a 3-pointer to keep the lead, 34-28. The Buckeyes rallied in the second half, with back-to-back 3-pointers by senior guard Samantha Prahalis to cut the lead to four with 5:51 remaining in the game. It was the closest OSU would come to catching the Golden Gophers. The following possession saw Minnesota sophomore forward Kionna Kellogg answer with a 3-point ball to put the score at 66-59. Prahalis and junior guard Tayler Hill combined for 51 of the Buckeyes’ 65 points. Hill had 26 points, but was 3-of-11 from 3-point range, while Prahalis added 25 points and shot 4-of-9 from behind the arc. The Golden Gophers were lead by freshman guard Rachel Banham with 20 points. Banham was followed by senior guard Kiara Buford, who added 15. OSU shit 34.4 percent from the field Sunday, which makes Sunday’s loss the worst shooting performance for the Buckeyes this season. In its only other loss, OSU shot 36.8 percent against Michigan. While the defeat gives the Buckeyes two losses in conference play, they’re still one game behind No. 17 Purdue (18-4, 8-1) for the lead in the Big Ten. The Boilermakers were defeated by Iowa, 59-42 on Saturday. The top two teams in the Big Ten will meet each other February 12 when Purdue travels to Columbus. Players and coaches were not available for comment following the game. OSU returns home Feb. 6 against the Wisconsin Badgers (7-13, 3-5 Big Ten). Tipoff is set for 7:30 p.m. read more

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High school football playoffs at Ohio Stadium estimated to bring in 4M

After Ohio State plays its last regular season game against Michigan in late November, Ohio Stadium will keep its gates open.For the first time in 25 years, Ohio Stadium is set to host the Ohio High School Athletic Association football playoffs and is set to bring in an estimated $4 million in visitor spending for Columbus, according to a Greater Columbus Sports Commission press release.The OHSAA state playoffs are set to begin Friday.From Dec. 4-6, high school teams from around the state and in all seven divisions will compete for a state title from the confines of Ohio Stadium.Game one is scheduled to take place Dec. 4. at 7:30 p.m. while the following two days will host three games each, with games starting at 10 a.m., 3 p.m. and 8 p.m.Single game tickets for each game can be purchased for $15 for club level seating, or $12 for general stadium seating. In addition, an all-session ticket can be purchased for $105 that gives the ticket holder access to the Huntington Club for each game, while an $84 all-session pass will simply give the ticket holder access to each game.For the last 24 years, the OHSAA state title games have been held at Fawcett Stadium in Canton, Ohio, and also at Paul Brown Tiger Stadium in Massillon, Ohio. Ohio Stadium last hosted the OHSAA title games in 1989. read more

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De Gea looking for transfer away from Mourinho

first_imgManchester United’s current goalkeeper David De Gea has been looking at opportunities from all around Europe lately. However, he could sign a team no one has ever thought he would.The Spaniard seems sceptical about winning much silverware under the rule of Jose Mourinho while still playing for the Red Devils. Since Real Madrid stopped showing interest in him, he has been searching everywhere and he might eventually end up in – surpise! – Paris.He has been with United since 2011 and is currently considered one the world’s best goalkeepers. De Gea was rumoured to be joining Real back in 2015 but to no success. Despite not coming to an eventual agreement, Madrid’s door was still open for him until recently, when Perez set his sight on Roma goalkeeper Alisson.harry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…Paris Saint-Germain have been chasing the Spaniard for his signature. Despite not being really into it, De Gea might sign as his only desire right now is to leave Mourinho, according to Caught Offside.Jose Mourinho has been underachieving overall since he took over Manchester United in the last season – so far he has been able to win only the League Cup and Europe League, which is certainly not enough for the 27-years-old De Gea.last_img read more

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Son opened up about the dream win

first_imgSouth Korea managed to gain a shocking win against Germany and eliminate the world champions by achieving this result – and Son Heung-Min admitted that it is like a dream coming true.The Asian team had been already eliminated after being beaten 1-0 by Sweden a 2-1 by Mexico – but despite that, they tried their best and achieved a historic result against a very strong team as they scored both of their goals in the dying minutes.The Tottenham striker spoke about this huge win as he said, according to Reuters:“We beat the world champions and normally it’s a dream and we can be proud of the team.”Top 5 Bundesliga players to watch during the weekend Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 11, 2019 With the international activity cooling down for the next month, we go back to the Bundesliga’s Top 5 players to watch next weekend.The German…“Of course it’s disappointing because we lost in the group but I think I can be proud after this win and we can be proud of this win.”“We beat the world champions from the last World Cup and now I’m looking forward to the next World Cup.”“I’m a bit disappointed because we have a lot of good players and we couldn’t show them in the next round, but we’re looking forward to the next games.”last_img read more

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Final Countdown To First Day Of School For Kenai Peninsula Students

first_imgDusek: “Hopefully kids and parents will be safe, and get that tape and those reflective hats on.”  Teachers are already filling the halls, and the students have initiated the final countdown for the first day of school on Tuesday, August 21. Kenai Peninsula Borough School District Superintendent Sean Dusek: “We’ve been working for a couple of days on opening up school, and making sure everyone is ready to go. We are taking care of some of the nuts and bolts, but also really exploring great instructional practices, and we are really excited about this year for the things we are going to try and accomplish in the classroom.”  Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Summer vacation for students around the Kenai Peninsula is drawing to a close as local schools prepare to open their doors for the new school year.center_img Teachers, district representatives and local safety officials highlight the importance for students to dress in high visibility gear as they get ready to start commuting to school. For a comprehensive rundown of back to school information, including bus times, school locations, and healthcare records, click here: Kenai Peninsula Borough School District.last_img read more

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House Budget to Stick with Higher Spending Caps

first_img Dan Cohen AUTHOR House leaders are scheduled today to unveil a fiscal 2017 budget resolution that retains the higher discretionary spending levels afforded by last October’s two-year budget deal.To offset the $30 billion in additional discretionary spending passed by Congress last year, the House GOP will look for savings from mandatory spending programs over the next two years. Those cuts, needed to secure the support of the House Republican conference’s conservative members, most likely would be advanced through separate legislation. The budget blueprint would require the House to enact a total of $100 billion in cuts over 10 years, reported CQ Roll Call.Thursday’s meeting of the conference will help party leaders determine if they have sufficient support to pass a budget on the floor.It is not entirely clear how the draft budget resolution will deal with the contentious issue of DOD’s overseas contingency operations (OCO) account. The GOP framework is expected to recommend $59 billion in spending for the war account, matching last year’s budget deal. But the resolution would clarify that the figure is a floor, as defense hawks have insisted, and that more funding could be added to the OCO account in the defense spending bill, according to the story.The budget resolution allows for $551 billion in national security spending in FY 2017, the same as called for in the October budget agreement.last_img read more

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SAIL Floor Price Set at ₹83 Government Lines Up ONGC CIL and

first_imgThe Narendra Modi government is set to kick off its disinvestment programme on Friday, 5 December, with a 5% stake sale at a floor price of ₹83 in the state-run Steel Authority of India.The auction method, used for this round of disinvestment, will see the government raise around ₹1,700 crore. The stock closed on Thursday at ₹85.25. The steelmaker’s stock has risen just over half to 18%, of the 36% growth experienced by the broader market.The Centre has set for itself a target to raise ₹43,425 crore ($9.5bn) through disinvestment for the current fiscal, a figure that might just turn out to be a bit too high. Resistance from staff unions and investor worries about certain company-specific issues has slowed down the pace.However, the government needs the disinvestment measures to succeed, if it has to meet its budget deficit target of 4.1%.So far, the government has been able to raise about $8.1million, a miniscule part of the projected figure, through stock sale of two state-run institutions limited to the respective employees.SAIL, 80% owned by the state, plans to offload 206.5 million shares through an auction on the stock exchanges on Friday, according to a filing on Wednesday.The Centre is keen to gauge the response of investors through the SAIL auction, after which it plans to sell another 5% stake in ONGC, 10% in Coal India Ltd, 11.36% in NHPC Ltd, as well as list firms including RINL and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.Retail investors get a 5% discount on the floor price, with 10% of the offered stock reserved for them. HSBC Securities, Deutsche Equities and JP Morgan India are among the six merchant bankers advising the SAIL stake sale.Modi’s plans for 100 smart cities and a possible cut in interest rates in 2015 could help steel firms build up a significant order book, in the face of increased infrastructure building activity.last_img read more

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Airtel Payments Bank offers hefty interest rate on savings bank deposits

first_imgAirtel Payments Bank Ltd, a subsidiary of telecom major Airtel, Wednesday launched its commercial operations with an offer to give a hefty 7.25 percent interest rate on savings account deposits.With rolling out a pilot of its banking services in Rajasthan, it became the first payments bank to go live. In a regulatory filing to Bombay Stock Exchange, the bank said over 10,000 retail outlets across the state would function as banking points for the new payment bank.To attract cheap deposits, the bank will give a hefty 7.25 percent to customers, making it one of the highest savings bank rate in the Indian banking system.Most public and private sector banks are offering 4 percent interest rate on deposits with a few private sector banks providing 6 percent on the same. Interestingly, interest rates on fixed deposits have also fallen near the range of 7 percent in recent months.The new payment bank plans to expand its merchant network in Rajasthan to 1,00,000 by December this year, it said.Commenting on the launch, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Airtel Payments Bank, Shashi Arora said, “With this pilot, we have taken a big step towards the launch of our banking services and will be testing our operational readiness for full-scale launch across India.”In a bid to improve banking penetration in the country, Reserve Bank of India has issued licences to private firms for setting up payment banks. On August last year, the central bank issued licences to 11 entities including Airtel, FINO, Department of Post, Reliance Industries to set up payment banks.Payment banks will only accept deposits with no provision of giving out loans to clients. While it can open both savings and current accounts, credit card issuances are not allowed.last_img read more

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US slaps sanctions on five Russians

first_imgThe United States on Thursday imposed sanctions on five Russians over abuses including the killing of a prominent opposition leader, days after top-level talks seemed to ease tensions between the powers.The State Department highlighted the actions against the five people, plus one entity, as it submitted an annual report required by Congress on actions taken under a law over human rights in Russia.The law, which blocks any US assets of blacklisted people and bars them from traveling to the United States, is named after Sergei Magnitsky, an anti-corruption accountant who died in custody in 2009.Among the five newly blacklisted figures are Ruslan Geremeyev, an interior ministry official in the restive North Caucasus region of Chechnya who is close to its leader Ramzan Kadyrov.On his Telegram account, Kadyrov said the sanctions, were “clear proof that the United States is afraid of us.”Geremeyev has faced accusations of involvement in the 2015 killing in central Moscow of Boris Nemtsov, a former deputy prime minister turned leading critic of President Vladimir Putin.The US Treasury Department said Russian investigators twice tried but were blocked from bringing charges against Geremeyev as the possible organizer of the killing of Nemtsov — the most high-profile death of a dissident since Putin rose to power two decades ago.The United States also slapped sanctions on two Russian investigators, Elena Anatolievna Trikulya and Gennady Vyacheslavovich Karlov, for allegedly concealing facts over the death and detention of Magnitsky, the accountant.”Nearly 10 years after his death, we remain concerned by the impunity for this and other violent crimes against activists, journalists, whistleblowers and political opposition,” State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said in a statement.She also voiced concern about “the intense atmosphere of intimidation for those who work to uncover corruption or human rights violations in the Russian Federation.”In response, the Russian embassy in Washington said: “These moves will be followed by reciprocal measures.””Moreover these unconstructive decisions clearly run counter to a positive outlook of the recent Russia-US talks in Sochi,” it said in a statement.The sanctions came just two days after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met Putin in the Russian resort of Sochi, with both sides voicing optimism at finding areas on which to work together.Pompeo said he still had deep disagreements with Putin but believed the two powers could cooperate on issues including finding a political settlement in war-ravaged Syria and seeking a denuclearization deal with North Korea.Also hit with sanctions were the Terek Special Rapid Response Team in Chechnya and its commander, Abuzayed Vismuradov.The Treasury Department said that the force had engaged in extrajudicial killings and torture, including in a crackdown on gay men that has drawn international condemnation.last_img read more

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Houstons James Beard SemiFinalists And A Hummer Hits Some Trail Riders The

first_img X Listen A lot can happen in a week. Some of it good. Some of it bad. Some of it downright ugly. When faced with intriguing developments in the week’s news, we turn to a rotating panel of “non-experts” to parse The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly of it all.This week, our panel weighs in on these stories:Eleven Houston-area chefs and restaurants being selected as semi-finalists for 2019 James Beard awardsA Hummer driver sideswiping a horse during the trail ride to the Houston Livestock Show and RodeoOur panel of non-experts this week includes:Marco Roberts, president of the Log Cabin Republicans of HoustonMary Flood, blogger and consultant for Androvett Legal Media and MarketingEvan Mintz, deputy opinion editor for the Houston Chronicle 00:00 /11:28 Share To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:last_img read more

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New Research From Psychological Science

first_imgWhen the Muses Strike: Creative Ideas of Physicists and Writers Routinely Occur During Mind WanderingShelly L. Gable, Elizabeth A. Hopper, and Jonathan W. Schooler Conceptually Rich, Perceptually Sparse: Object Representations in 6-Month-Old Infants’ Working MemoryMelissa M. Kibbe and Alan M. Leslie Read about the latest research published in Psychological Science: A Tight Spot: How Personality Moderates the Impact of Social Norms on Sojourner AdaptationNicolas Geeraert, Ren Li, Colleen Ward, Michele Gelfand, and Kali A. Demes How do contextual factors and personality traits affect how individuals adapt to a new culture when they temporarily move to a different country? To answer this question, Geeraert and colleagues analyzed data from a longitudinal acculturation project that measured young adults’ personality and cultural adaptation during and after a temporary move to a different country. These measures were collected on three occasions: 3 months before departure as well as 2 weeks and 5 months after arrival to the host country. Overall, participants who moved to a tight culture (i.e., one with strong norms and little tolerance for deviance) showed less adaptation than those who moved to a loose culture (i.e., one with less rigid norms), but participants originally from a tight culture showed more adaptation than those from a loose culture. Participants who scored higher on agreeableness and honesty-humility were less likely to feel the negative effects of cultural tightness or to return early to their home country. These results may help ensure a good fit between individuals’ personalities and their destination culture, which will increase the benefits of the rapid increase in international mobility. Do infants remember conceptual information about an object (e.g., the object is a ball) even when they do not remember perceptual information (e.g., the object is round and green)? This study indicates that they do. Six-month-old infants were familiarized with a yellow and red striped ball and a doll’s head with brown skin and eyes. The two objects were then hidden one at a time in separate locations. One of the objects then reappeared at the location where the first object was hidden; critically, this object could be the same one that had been hidden there or the other object. The experimenters measured the time that infants spent looking at this object. Infants looked longer when the object had been swapped, indicating that they remembered the hidden object’s conceptual information. This effect did not occur when the doll’s head was inverted and therefore not processed as a face. It also did not occur when the ball was swapped for a green ball with red polka dots or when the doll’s head was swapped for a doll’s head with pink skin and blue eyes, indicating that infants’ memory for the first object hidden relied on conceptual details (e.g., is the object a ball or a head?) but not on perceptual details (e.g., does the object have brown or blue eyes?). These results suggest that infants may encode the conceptual category of a hidden object, even when perceptual features are lost. Mind wandering, which involves thoughts that are both independent from the task at hand and different from one’s previous thoughts on the matter, can generate creative ideas experienced as “aha” moments, this study suggests. Every day for 1 or 2 weeks, physicists and writers listed their most important creative idea of the day, described what they were thinking and doing when the idea occurred, and rated the importance of the idea and whether it felt like an “aha” moment or not. Participants reported that about 20% of their most important ideas occurred when their minds were wandering, and these ideas were rated as being equally important and creative as the ideas formed while working on task. After 3 or 6 months, they rated all these previous ideas as slightly more creative but less important. Overall, ideas generated during mind wandering were more likely to be rated as “aha” moments, compared with ideas generated while working. Hence, profession-related ideas that occur outside of work when people are not thinking about the topic can be inventive and create sudden insights, showing a positive side of mind wandering.last_img read more

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Lose yourself to the classics

first_imgHere’s just the thing for the people who love their classical arts. ICCR, Sangeet Natak, Academy and Kalahetu presents Windows Into Indian Dance 2013 – a series of programmes celebrating nature through Indian music and dance. The evening will witness performances by several well known names in Indian dance and music including – Parveen Gangani (Kathak), Mukesh Gangani (Kathak), Kalpana Verma (Sufi Kathak) and the group Kalahetu and vocalist Fareed Hassan. WHEN: 7 August, 6:30 om onwards WHERE: ICCR, Azad Bhavanlast_img read more

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Mamata to legalise hawking govt to issue free trade licences

first_img“We are the first state government in the country which has decided to legalise hawking. This will ensure you are not evicted by anybody. We have formulated a policy for the hawkers. We are the first in the country to start the process of registering vendors and hawkers,” Banerjee said after a meeting  with  hawkers. Banerjee said the process of registration will begin on July 15 and continue for three months, and dedicated counters will be set up for the process.”The process of verifying the applications will be carried outfirst. Once, verified, you will be given a registration certificate and free trade licence. But this facility is available only for the existing hawkers,” announcedBanerjee. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThe whole process will be monitored by a committee comprising the KMC, the state Government and the police.  The Chief Minister also urged the hawkers not to encroach on the shop keepers or inconvenience pedestrians. About 5000 licensed shopkeepers—on strike in the New market area–have been contending that it was becoming difficult for them to stay in business as hawkers, apart from competing with cheaper goods, block shop facades preventing the entry of shoppers in the market.last_img read more

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