Time to Revisit the Lunar Dust Problem?

first_img(Visited 628 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 How deep should lunar dust get over billions of years? Opinions have vacillated between extremes, but a new study might open up the debate again.Before the first soft landing on the moon by Surveyor 1 in 1966, scientists were quite worried about lunar dust being too deep to land on. The NASA-JPL page about Surveyor 1 explains:Before humans could take their first steps on the moon, that mysterious and forbidding surface had to be reconnoitered by robots. When President John Kennedy set a goal of landing astronauts on the lunar surface in 1961, little was known of that world, beyond what could be gleaned from observations by telescopes.We knew it was rocky, bleak and heavily cratered — how might these conditions affect the landing of a spacecraft there? Was the surface sufficiently solid to support the 33,500-pound Apollo lunar lander? Or was it so deeply covered in dust from billions of years of meteorite impacts, as some theorized, that the lunar module would simply sink out of sight, dooming the astronauts? These and a hundred other questions about the surface composition dogged mission planners, so a robot would make the dangerous journey first – the lunar lander from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.Surveyor 1, 1966Dr Henry Richter, the instrument manager for the Explorer, Ranger and Surveyor missions, recalls lunar dust was a “real concern” in those years (personal communication). Scientists were relieved when the Surveyors landed successfully without sinking out of sight; even so, the Surveyors and Apollo lunar modules were equipped with wide footpads just in case. The Apollo astronauts were rather surprised to find the dust layer very shallow, just a few inches deep. Often, they could scrape bedrock with their boots.Many creationists used this fact to argue for a young moon. If the moon were 4.5 billion years old, they said, it should have accumulated great depths of dust. The fact that it did not suggested to them that the moon was not as old as claimed. The amount of dust accumulation, however, was later found to be based on flawed estimates of incoming dust, and perhaps by the assumption that particles would softly settle onto the lunar surface rather than slam in at high speeds, where it might melt and harden. Vitriolic critics lambasted the argument, and so many creationists sheepishly backed away from it – although, as we see from JPL’s quote, it was not just creationists who assumed great volumes of dust should be there. Snelling and Rush at ICR said in 1993,Unfortunately, attempted counter-responses by creationists have so far failed because of spurious arguments or faulty calculations. Thus, until new evidence is forthcoming, creationists should not continue to use the dust on the moon as evidence against an old age for the moon and the solar system.Wishing to use only the strongest arguments for youth, apologists like those at CMI have urged caution, listing the lunar dust argument among those that creationists should not use. “Nevertheless, as we have indicated before,” CMI continues, keeping the door slightly open, “creationists as well as evolutionists need to be prepared to re-examine arguments as new and better data emerges.”New and Better Data Are HereWhen particles slam into the moon, they “garden” the surface (regolith), by overturning layers and re-depositing them on the surface. Impacting bodies vary over 12 orders of magnitude, from nanometer-sized particles to large asteroids. Impactor size follows a power law, with big impacts being more rare than small ones. The last major mathematical model of regolith mixing (impact gardening) was done by Gault et al in 1974. Now, a new model by Costello, Ghent and Lucey, published in Icarus, has identified a major oversight in Gault’s model. While appreciative of the pioneering work on mixing done back then, Costello points out that Gault’s model only considered mixing due to primary impacts. What happens when secondaries are taken into account? [Note: primaries are original impacts; secondaries are fallback material launched from a primary impact.] Secondaries make a big difference!Our most important update is the inclusion of secondary impacts. Our calculations show that secondaries are necessary to produce the reworking rate inferred from the depth distribution of surface-correlated material in Apollo cores …. Overturn calculations that only consider the impact of primaries fail to describe observed reworking rates at all depths and timescales. We conclude that secondary impacts dominate mixing in the top meter of lunar regolith.We have reported before in these pages several times about the “impact” of secondary craters on crater count dating (e.g., 22 May 2012, 19 Oct 2015, 12 Oct 2016). One impact on Mars could launch a million secondaries, and some secondaries can travel between bodies, such as between Jupiter’s moons. So serious was the failure to account for secondary impacts, it rendered all previous calculations of surface dates based on crater counts questionable. Is a similar situation about to happen with Costello’s paper on the question of lunar dust accumulation?While primary impactors arrive at high speeds (20 km/sec) enough to melt rock, secondary impactors would tend to be smaller and drift down to the surface on ballistic paths. The astronauts were very familiar with the behavior of dust as they walked around and drove around in the rovers. They could see it float back down after being kicked up by their boots. And as we have reported, electrostatic forces can propel fine dust for long distances (10 Jan 2017, 28 Feb 2018). Continuing for millions and billions of years, would these processes not predict heavy accumulations of fine dust?Costello’s new model, which takes secondaries into account, finds better agreement with Apollo rock samples.Overturn due only to primary impacts is much too infrequent and shallow to produce the thorough mixing implied by the depth distribution of 26Al in the Apollo cores. It takes a flux of primary impactors hundreds of millions of years to reach 3 cm depth just once with 50% probability. The homogeneous distribution of 26Al suggests many more than one overturn event has occurred in less than a million years. The flux of secondary impacts appears to be much more effective, thoroughly reworking the regolith at 2–3 cm in less than a million years: a rate consistent with inferences from 26Al in the Apollo cores.This statement does not mean that the surface is a million years old. What it does mean is that earlier models significantly overlooked the effects of secondary impacts.Building on the core statistical concept presented by Gault et al. (1974) we present a generalized model that describes the rate and probability a point at depth experiences overturn as a function of time. By using material parameters consistent with lunar regolith and lunar impact flux, we calculate the rate and probability of overturn on the Moon. Compared to the overturn rate driven by the modern flux of primaries, overturn due to secondaries is in much better agreement with the Morris (1978) reworking rate and the depth-distribution of 26Al measured in Apollo cores. This is especially true at short timescales and shallow depths. Further, overturn due to secondaries better describes the rate at which surface features such as splotches rework the regolith and the rate at which cold spots and rays are reworked into the background. We conclude from these comparisons that secondaries are the dominant driver of overturn in the top meter of lunar regolith.Figure 9(c) in the paper shows what the new model predicts geologists would find in a one-meter drill core after one billion years. Everything down to a meter should show some evidence of reworking. Everything shallower than 50 centimeters should have been thoroughly reworked, being overturned 100 times. Everything shallower than 10 centimeters should be homogeneous, having been reworked at least 10,000 times! Multiply these values by 4.5 to get closer to the actual prediction old-agers would expect. Does that match what the Apollo astronauts actually found when they scraped hard rock with their boots?Even Costello’s new model is not complete. The estimates could be lower limits. Here are just a few of the uncertainties that still remain in this latest model, 49 years after Apollo 11:Superficially, calculations of overturn driven by micrometeorites could be improved by using the dust flux from studies of LADEE and LDEF data (e.g. Meshishnek et al., 1993; Horányi et al., 2015; Szalay and Horányi, 2016). More fundamentally, future incarnations of our model should include cratering laws and energy-partitioning that are designed specifically to describe micro-impacts. Another fundamental issue remains unaddressed in this treatment of micrometeorite overturn: the effects of micro-secondaries….  Evidence of mixing does not discriminate between primaries, secondaries, slumping, jetting or astronaut footprints. The depth-distribution of surface correlated materials observed in Apollo cores and the rate at which cold spots and rays disappear are the result of a complicated system of mixers. Determining the relative influence of each mixing driver is important for future modeling of regolith evolution. Here we have treated only one kind of regolith mixing: vertical excavation form cratering events. Because the mixing rates we predict with a flux of secondary impacts included are reasonable, one could argue that the vertical mixing of regolith is dominantly driven by secondary distal ejecta that produce secondary craters. Inferences about lateral transport and horizontal mixing are currently beyond the scope of this model; however, by better constraining the treatment of secondaries, we may be able to investigate mixing in three dimensions and compare our results to lateral mixing models (e.g Huang et al., 2017) in the future. The treatment of secondaries used in this work could be improved to first order by a piece-wise power law or polynomial re-casting of flux as well as a treatment of the velocity and impact angle distributions of secondary projectiles. Recall that in this work we crudely assume that all secondaries impact the lunar surface at 0.5 km s−1, the minimum in the range of maximum spall velocities….These and other shortcomings in the new model will require more analysis, the Costello team admits. The old model’s reliance on primaries alone, however, “casts a pall of uncertainty on the fundamental assumption” Gault used to model the distribution of material on the surface.Expect big celebrations on July 19, 2019We share this paper not to do the analysis ourselves, but to show that the door is open to reconsider lunar dust accumulation as evidence for a young moon. On the verge of the 50th Anniversary of Apollo, the time has come to “re-examine arguments as new and better data” have been provided. Perhaps the lunar dust argument will emerge stronger, and will drop off the list of arguments creationists should not use.We see that CMI left the door open a bit by responding to an earlier CEH entry (21 Nov 2013) by adding a footnote to Snelling and Rush’s detailed 1993 refutation of the moon-dust argument (which included some consideration of secondaries, although not as up-to-date as Costello’s paper). CMI’s footnote said on 3 July 2014, New NASA data has turned up that is said to have been on ‘long-lost’ tapes*, and shows a dust influx rate some ten times that of previous measurements. At face value it seems to raise the possibility of at least a partial revival of the moon dust argument. Given the very careful and detailed creationist analyses which led to its abandonment in the first place, and the other factors that could potentially affect these results (see this summary by a friend and ally), any reassessment would need to be similarly thorough and careful.We agree and hope that this latest entry will stimulate a new thorough and careful analysis.last_img read more

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Russia’s latest star Zagitova takes European gold

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next “I woke up this morning with the thought that I’ll just do everything that’s in my power at the moment. I’ll live in the moment,” she said.Carolina Kostner of Italy, the Sochi Olympics bronze medalist, struggled through an error-filled free skate that included falling on her opening triple lutz, but took bronze on the back of her strong short program.The 30-year-old Italian veteran wore a pistachio-green catsuit that she said was inspired by the renowned Russian ballet dancer and choreographer Vaslav Nijinsky.“It was not at all my best performance and it’s a pity because my body’s ready and the practices were easy-going and mostly flawless and then you get into the competition and it just slips away,” she said.Gabriella Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron won their fourth consecutive European figure skating championship, extending the two world records they already held.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH The French duo’s free dance to sections from Beethoven’s “Moonlight Sonata” reflected the music’s mood changes. They were fluid in the first movement and animated in the stormy third. Papadakis and Cizeron scored a record 121.817 points for the free dance and 203.16 total.“I think we’re very happy with our scores and we had a great feeling on the ice today,” Cizeron said. “(We’ll) just keep working as usual and really just keep working with our team.”“The Olympic Games will come up very soon now and we’re really excited.”Silver and bronze went to Russian couples Ekaterina Bobrova/Dmitri Soloviev and Alexandra Stepanova/Ivan Bukin, respectively, reversing their positions from the results after the short dance.Bobrova and Soloviev’s free skate was a touching tale of love sought, found and lost, ending with him trying to embrace her but missing as she stares in apparent dismay. The program featured a straight-line lift in which he kneeled on one leg and she balanced upside down on the outstretched thigh“Yes, we achieved a personal best, but we still want the mark to be higher,” Bobrova said. He added: “Now it is important that we relax a bit and then on January 27th we will fly to Japan and wait for our invitation” to the Pyeongchang Olympics, where Russians are to compete under a neutral flag. 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting LATEST STORIES NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Bellator begins yearlong heavyweight tournament at Forum Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Zagitova augmented several of her jumps by raising one of two hands above her head, her elbow-length crimson gloves drawing attention to the move.“I’m happy I performed two clean skates. Of course I’m happy I became the European champion and I want to keep going,” she said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutMedvedeva, who had won gold in every appearance since late 2015, landed some of her jumps with less assurance than her compatriot, though her “Anna Karenina” theme outpointed Zagitova on program components.Medvedeva missed the Grand Prix Final and the Russian nationals this season to recover from a foot stress fracture, and said “there were some moments during the skate when the two-month break had an impact.” Russia’s Alina Zagitova shows her gold medal, center, as she poses with Russia’s silver medallist Evgenia Medvedeva, left, and Italy’s bronze medallist Carolina Kostner, right, after the ladies free skating event at the European figure skating championships in Moscow, Russia, Saturday, Jan. 20, 2018. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)MOSCOW — Alina Zagitova’s nearly flawless free skate on Saturday not only won gold in her debut at the European Figure Skating Championships, but also snapped the two-year winning streak of training partner Evgenia Medvedeva.The 15-year-old Russian landed seven clear triples as well as two double axels, one of them dramatically late in the program, skating to lively music from the ballet “Don Quixote.” The program scored 157.97 points, more than three points ahead of second-placed Medvedeva.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

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Media Coverage of the 2010 NTL

first_imgTo view the latest stories, please click on the following links:http://www.sunshinecoastdaily.com.au/story/2010/03/10/young-touch-team-high-on-confidence/http://www.thechronicle.com.au/story/2010/03/10/regional-team-on-their-own/http://www.news-mail.com.au/story/2010/03/10/age-is-no-issue-for-zac-in-ntl-tilt/http://www.sunshinecoastdaily.com.au/story/2010/03/09/woman-takes-charge-of-touch-team/last_img

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In A StarDominated Sport Theres Still A Place For Unselfish Basketball

“Those Knicks teams — the ’69-’70 team, the ’72-73 team — when you talk to basketball purists about the greatest teams they’ve ever seen, that little era always comes up,” a radio voice intones early in Michael Rapaport’s “When The Garden Was Eden,” a “30 for 30” film debuting on ESPN Tuesday. “That’s the way you’re supposed to play basketball.”Speaking as a card-carrying basketball purist (or at least a basketball history nut), he’s right — particularly on that last point. The Knicks of that era rank highly among the all-time great NBA teams, but not at the very top. Instead, where they really stand out is in how they won.The 1969-70 New York Knicks, who won the first of the franchise’s only two championships, consistently rank among the most dominant regular-season teams in NBA history, especially relative to the spread of talent in the league at that time. After adjusting for strength of schedule, their per-game point differential was +8.4 (17th all-time); it also outpaced the second-place Milwaukee Bucks that year by 4.2 points per game, the sixth-biggest gap ever between the league leader and runner-up. That was a big part of why the Knicks’ schedule-adjusted scoring margin was 2.4 standard deviations better than the average team’s in 1969-70 — the second-best such mark ever.The 1969-70 Knicks struggled on the road in the playoffs and were taken the distance twice in the span of three series. But the team’s playoff run — which saw New York outlast the Baltimore Bullets (led by future Knick Earl Monroe), overpower a rookie Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and his Milwaukee Bucks, and survive the Los Angeles Lakers in a seven-game NBA Finals classic — also ranks among the 50 or so best ever, after taking into account whom they had to beat.And the 1972-73 Knicks did even better in the postseason after adjusting for their road to the championship. When I listed the most dominating playoff performances ever back in 2010, that team ranked 11th all-time. With the exception of the 2014 San Antonio Spurs, it’s unlikely that it has been supplanted by more recent champions. En route to the title, New York beat the Baltimore Bullets (+2.9 schedule-adjusted PPG differential) in five games, the Boston Celtics (+7.4) in seven, and the Los Angeles Lakers (an NBA-best +8.2) in five — just about the toughest path any team has ever gone through to win an NBA championship.But bottom-line results are only half the equation when aficionados rave about the Knicks of the early 1970s. Perhaps an even bigger factor is how the team achieved its success, with a reputation for playing one the most unselfish, pass-friendly styles in basketball history.This isn’t gauzy, New York-media-baked myth-making. Among historical NBA champions, the 1972-73 Knicks rank 14th in assist percentage (the ratio of made baskets that were assisted) relative to league average. And, more importantly, they had the most balanced distribution of shot attempts among their starting five players of any championship team ever. During the 1973 playoffs, their leading scorer (the incomparable Walt Frazier) took 20.8 percent of the team’s shots when on the floor, while the fifth-ranked shooter among its starters (Bill Bradley) took 18.7 percent. By comparison, the 1992 Chicago Bulls’ leader — Michael Jordan — took 37 percent of that team’s shots when on the floor, while Bill Cartwright took 11 percent. (Coincidentally, that Bulls team was coached by early-’70s Knicks forward Phil Jackson.)My research shows that most NBA champs are more like Michael and the Jordanaires than Frazier, Bradley, Earl Monroe, Dave DeBusschere and Willis Reed. Historically, teams with an uneven distribution of the offensive workload — particularly with regard to the difference between their top two scoring options and the rest of the starting five — tend to win championships at a much higher rate than teams that spread their shots around more equally.That they bucked this trend is probably the lasting legacy of the Red Holzman-coached Knicks. In a sport dominated by singular scorers like Jordan (usually with good reason), New York showed that there’s also a place for unselfish, collectivist basketball in the circle of NBA champions. And as my colleagues Ben Morris and Rafe Bartholomew have noted, the San Antonio Spurs (winners of the 2014 NBA championship) have carried the torch for this phenomenon in recent years.With the 2014-15 NBA season tipping off next week, the Knicks are unlikely to add a third championship banner to Madison Square Garden’s rafters. But Rapaport’s film will recall fond memories of a time when basketball-crazed New York City was the center of the sport’s universe. read more

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Freshman duo shines as Ohio State tops Walsh in exhibition matchup

Senior guard Shannon Scott (3) follows freshman guard D’Angelo Russell (0) down the court on a fast break during an exhibition game against Walsh on Nov. 9 at the Schottenstein Center. OSU won, 77-37.Credit: Patrick Kalista / Lantern photographerLess than a week before its season opener, the No. 20 Ohio State men’s basketball team dispatched Walsh University, 77-37, behind the play of a pair of freshmen.Freshman guard D’Angelo Russell led the Buckeyes with a game-high 17 points while freshman forward Jae’Sean Tate added 10 points in the Sunday evening exhibition at the Schottenstein Center.Tate said making his first appearance in front of the Columbus crowd was something he’s dreamed of as a Pickerington, Ohio, native.“I’m from here, this was a dream come true,” he said after the game. “This was a good first game to get all the butterflies out and we are just ready to go and get this season rolling.”Russell and Tate each tallied eight rebounds, while Russell had six assists.OSU coach Thad Matta said Russell has shown throughout preseason practice that he has the ability to make an impact in a variety of ways.“That’s kinda what he’s done to this point,” Matta said after the game. “I think that he’s got a different pace about him, he sees things like a lot of freshmen don’t see them. And that’s good.”Russell said he came to OSU with a chip on his shoulder, and added he’s prepared to do anything the Buckeyes’ coaching staff asks of him this season.“Whatever coach needs me to do, I am going to do it,” he said after the game. “If he needs me to score, I’m gonna score. If he needs me to get everybody going, I am going to do it. Rebound, defend, I am going to do it.”Matta added that Tate can play bigger than his 6-foot, 4-inch frame would suggest.“Jae’Sean Tate plays big for his size, there’s no doubt about that,” he said.Senior forward Sam Thompson chipped in with 13 points in just 20 minutes of action.Russell and Tate were among five new faces for OSU coach Thad Matta, as three true freshmen, one redshirt-freshman and a redshirt-senior transfer took the floor for the Buckeyes. Russell started the game while Tate, freshman forward Keita Bates-Diop, redshirt-freshman guard Kam Williams and Temple transfer forward Anthony Lee came off the bench.“It’s good for these guys to get through that,” Matta said of the young Buckeyes making their debuts. “I think from the standpoint of first time they’ve ever worn the jersey, I think they’ll be at a little bit more at ease as we move forward.”Because of an offensive rebound from senior center Amir Williams, OSU had two chances to score on its first possession of the game, but Thompson and senior guard Shannon Scott each missed three-pointers. From there, the Buckeyes shot seven of 13 from beyond the arc and added a buzzer-beating tip in by Tate to close out the first half with a 48-19 lead.Russell — a Louisville, Ky., native — finished the opening 20 minutes with 16 points on four-of-five shooting from three-point range.Through the first 10:11 of the second half, OSU opened up a 38-point advantage before closing out the game.But despite the 40-point win, Matta said the OSU offense could have run with a higher tempo at points in the second half.“I thought for the most part, that was the biggest thing,” he said. “We just stopped. We became very stagnant offensively there in the second half.”Behind Russell and Thompson, sophomore forward Marc Loving added 12 points and seven rebounds for OSU. Scott tied Russell for the game-high with six assists, while Thompson added three blocks. The 10 players to see the floor for the Buckeyes scored at least two points each.Tate said any player on the roster can make an impact offensively in any given game.“We just try to share the ball and get the win,” he said. “I think the team as a whole will carry the offense.”Junior guard Jesse Hardin Jr. had 10 points to lead Walsh.Sophomore center Trevor Thompson, senior forward Jake Lorbach and freshman center David Bell were the only players listed on the Buckeyes’ roster not to appear in the exhibition. Thompson has to sit out the season per NCAA transfer rules after coming to OSU from Virginia Tech. Lorbach is a senior walk on while Matta said Bell will likely redshirt this season. Neither Thompson nor Lorbach dressed for the game.OSU’s regular-season schedule is set to begin Friday against the University of Massachusetts-Lowell at the Schottenstein Center. Tip is scheduled for 7 p.m.“It’s the season now, practice this week, play a game,” Matta said. “It’s on us.” read more

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Marco Asensio could replace Ronaldo as Real Madrids new false nine

first_imgNew Real Madrid boss Julen Lopetegui has admitted that he is open to using Marco Asensio as a false nine ahead of his maiden campaign in chargeThe Champions League holders have a huge gap to fill in the centre of their attack with Karim Benzema being the only real option to take on the role as a false nine for the season ahead following Cristiano Ronaldo’s departure to Juventus last month.But Lopetegui made a surprise tactical change in Sunday’s 3-1 win over Juventus in the International Champions Cup by putting Asensio in the role after coming off the bench.And the move proved to be a masterstroke with Asensio grabbing a brace to secure victory for the Spanish giants.Now Lopetegui has suggested that we may be seeing more of Asensio as a false nine for next season.Franck Ribery, FiorentinaFiorentina owner: “Ribery played better than Ronaldo!” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Fiorentina owner Rocco Commisso was left gushing over Franck Ribery’s performance against Juventus, which he rates above that of even Cristiano Ronaldo’s.“It’s an option,” he admitted, via Goal.“Pre-season is a time when we can test different things and what we need to do is look for resources or different ideas within the team.“It was good to see him play at that position and he played extremely well. It’s not important where he plays but how he plays.”Bayern Munich’s Robert Lewandowski and Neymar from Paris Saint-Germain have been linked with a move to the Santiago Bernabeu this summer, although any prospective deal for the duo now appears to be extremely unlikely.Real will face AS Roma on Wednesday for their final pre-season friendly before taking on city rivals Atletico Madrid in the UEFA Super Cuplast_img read more

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Christmas Travel Outlook For Kenai Peninsula

first_imgBut traveling during the holidays doesn’t have to turn you into the Grinch. If you plan to venture out of the Kenai Peninsula visit 511.alaska.gov prior to embarking on the roadways to check road conditions and possible delays. For travelers heading to Anchorage from the Peninsula, Hewitt advised them to be aware of pothole damage in the Girdwood area, and winter driving conditions are ‘fair’. With temperatures expected to remain below freezing through Christmas Day, Alaskan travelers are urged to prepare a simple winter safety kit for holiday road trips. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享“Home for the Holidays” is a familiar refrain during December. But for a growing segment of Kenai Peninsula residents, Christmas time has become a popular time to travel. Breke Hewitt with the Department of Transportation says driving conditions throughout the Kenai Peninsula for the holiday weekend are ‘fair with some slightly icy patches’: “Drive with your headlights on, give yourself plenty of time to safely get where you may be going for the holiday weekend.” AAA said in a report, that roughly 107.3 million Americans will journey 50 miles or more from home during December 23 through January 1, a 3.1 percent increase from a year earlier and the most ever recorded. Story as aired: Audio PlayerJennifer-on-christmas-travel-outlook-.mp3VmJennifer-on-christmas-travel-outlook-.mp300:00RPdlast_img read more

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Soldotna Makes Last Minute Push For Field House Prior To Special Election

first_imgFacebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Representatives with the City of Soldotna, and the Field House project team presented an overview of the proposed field house to a Soldotna Chamber of Commerce on Wednesday. PROPOSITION NO. 2019-AGENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS FORCONSTRUCTION OF A FIELD HOUSE AND RELATED CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTSAT THE SOLDOTNA REGIONAL SPORTS COMPLEXShall the City of Soldotna incur debt and issue general obligation bonds in an amount not to exceed Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) for the purpose of paying costs of construction of a Field House containing an indoor turf field and elevated track, at the Soldotna Regional Sports Complex?The bonds shall be secured by a pledge of full faith and credit of the City of Soldotna (Ordinance 2018-035)Yes     A “YES” approves the issuance of general obligation bonds.No      A “NO” opposes the issuance general obligation bonds. Soldotna City Manager Stephanie Queen, Public Works Director Kyle Kornelis and Project Co-Chair Tim Dillon gave the presentation. The question will go before the voters in a special election on March 5, for a 0.5% increase in the city’s year-round sales tax rate implemented for the 10-year life of the bond. This would increase the city’s sale tax rate from 3% to 3.5%. Dillon: “For years our young people have been traveling from Soldotna up to Anchorage on the weekends in order to use indoor facilities. You think about the safety back and forth, and the economic side of things. Well, with some of those people coming down this way paying for gas and food, that is going to dictate how this thing will get paid for.” center_img The Soldotna City Council approved an ordinance back in December that will ask the voters if the city should borrow $10 million in a bond to build a proposed field house and increase the city’s sales tax by a half percent to cover the debt service on the 10-year bond. Dillon: “I just think it’s something that is much needed, and it’s been on people’s mind for a long time, 15-20 years. I’m excited to see it come to a vote on March 5, and we will see where people want to go.”  The proposal will go before the voters within the City of Soldotna on March 5.last_img read more

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Alexa speakers can now talk to Roku streamers and TVs

first_img $229 3:20 Amazon Echo Show Review • The Amazon Echo Show is back and better than before Roku’s streamers and TVs also work with Google Home speakers as of last year. They work in pretty much the same way as this Alexa skill. Netflix isn’t supported in either case, and you need to append “Roku” to the command to get it to work. Roku also has its own voice system, which you can use by speaking into compatible Roku remote controls or via Roku’s phone app.Amazon’s Fire TV streamers and televisions, which compete directly against Roku, also work with Alexa speakers. That combination does support Netflix and does not require any extra trigger words. Check out our full Roku vs. Amazon Fire TV comparison for details.To use the new Alexa skill with your Roku, head to the Alexa app on your phone and turn it on it under Settings > TV & Video. Mentioned Above Amazon Echo Show Second Generation (Sandstone) Dell CNET may get a commission from retail offers. $229 Which Roku player should you buy? See it $229 Comment See It Preview • Amazon gives Echo Show sequel sleeker looks and better soundcenter_img Crutchfield Media Streamers Best Buy News • Grab a 1st-gen Amazon Echo Show for $70 Tags $229 Now playing: Watch this: Alexa Amazon Google Roku 1 See It Share your voice See It David Katzmaier/CNET If you have both an Amazon Echo and a Roku in the house, get ready to start talking to the TV.The new Roku skill, available now, lets Alexa speakers such as the Echo, Echo Dot, Echo Show and others accept your voice commands to control Roku streamers and TVs.You can now use Alexa to:Launch Apps (“Alexa, open Hulu on Roku”)Control playback (“Alexa, pause Roku”)Search (“Alexa, find dramas on Roku”)Roku TV owners get additional capabilities, including power (“Alexa, turn on Roku”), volume and mute, input switching and channel changing (with an over-th-air antenna).The big exception? Netflix. The most popular subscription streaming video service in the world doesn’t accept Alexa commands to Roku devices.Hands-free voice control is an increasingly popular alternative to the good old remote control, and numerous smart TVs already have Alexa skills. It’s a lot easier to use many of the features by voice. Asking Alexa to find a particular TV show or movie is far easier than typing into a cumbersome on-screen keyboard, for example.last_img read more

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State Bank of India posts 134 rise in net profit for Q3

first_imgState Bank of India (SBI) shares were trading with gains of 1.58 percent at Rs 280 at around 1.19 pm on the BSE in response to the state-run lender posting 134 percent spike YoY in December quarter (Q3) standalone net profit to Rs 2,610 crore. The sharp increase was on account of higher other income and interest on deposits with the RBI and other lenders.Read: SBI may raise up to Rs 15,000 crore in next 18 months from capital markets, SBI Life IPOOther income rose 58 percent to Rs 9,662 crore on account of the bank selling 3.9 percent stake in its subsidiary SBI Life Insurance Company for Rs 1,755 crore. SBI’s holding as a result, now stands at 70.10 percent in the subsidiary. The bank’s gross non-performing assets (NPAs) and net NPAs stood at 7.23 percent and 4.24 percent, respectively, in Q3, marking an increase from 5.10 percent and 2.89 percent in the corresponding quarter last financial year. In the September quarter (Q2), the gross and net NPAs stood at 7.14 percent and 4.19 percent, respectively.Net interest income (NII) rose 7.69 percent to Rs 14,751 crore in Q3 as against Rs 13,697 crore in the year-ago period.Tota income was Rs 53,587 crore in Q3 as against Rs 46,731 crore in December 2015 quarter.SBI is the biggest lender in India and accounts for about a fourth of bank deposits and loans. Deposits spiked due to people returning the demonetised notes and stood at Rs 20,40,777 crore as of December 31, 2016 as against Rs 18,58,999 crore as of September 30, 2016.The BSE Sensex was trading 20 points higher at 28,349, led by Adani Ports, NTPC and TCS.last_img read more

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