Students of Knox High School Participate in Broadcasting Commission’s Media Literacy Project

first_imgOver 300 Grade 9 and 10 students at Knox High School in Spaldings on Thursday (February 7) participated in a media literacy project of the Broadcasting Commission of Jamaica (BCJ).This is the second visit to the school by the Commission and it is one in a series under its schools’ outreach programme. The Commission also used the opportunity to participate in the school’s annual career day, which was held on the same day.Among the topics discussed at the session were the new media environment, managing your digital self, digital switchover, cable channel ratings and the Children’s Code for Programming that was put in place by the Commission to protect children from the harmful content of some programmes on television, radio and cable.Discussions led by Assistant Executive Director of the BCJ, Karlene Johnson, also focused on the role of the Commission and its efforts to regulate the electronic media.“I thought the presentation was very informative. It taught me a lot about the digital environment and how Jamaica is improving digitally,” Grade 9 student, Bridgette Swaby told JIS during an interview.She said that she was impressed with plans for the transition from analogue to digital television.“I think that’s a very good idea because it will widen the choice of programmes that we will have on television,” she added. There are plans by government to switch over from the current analogue television broadcasting system to a digital system.Bridgette, who is now contemplating a career in the Information Technology field, said she is always careful when placing comments and pictures on Facebook. “I don’t like to give bad comments on Facebook because it might come back and haunt me, “she added.Another student, Tajaye Fanus said he was grateful for the session, which provided him with information about the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet.“I realise that Information Technology will never die. The business is always there and I think it is one of the best fields to enter and to be successful,” he said.Mrs. Johnson told the students that they were the future leaders and creators having been born in the “digital age.”“You are the creators, you are the innovators, and you are the guys who are finding easier and better ways of doing things in this digital age. At this age, you are the leaders in this digital environment, you are the ones who are taking it forward,” she said.She shared success stories of young creators and mentioned United States-based Jamaican social media entrepreneur, Saadiq Rodgers-King and the Northern Caribbean University (NCU) Cup team, who are national and regional champions in the Microsoft Imagine Cup Competition. She reminded the students that they, too, can do “phenomenal things,” noting that the inventors were not much older than the students.“We want you guys to become a nation of uploaders, to lead us away from just being mere consumers or downloaders of content,” she added.Commenting on the project, Mrs. Johnson said over the past two years, the Commission has visited over 20 schools across the island and has engaged over 2,500 students.last_img read more

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Talks aimed at resolving issue that closed Ontario provincial park continue MNR

first_imgGRAND BEND, Ont. – Ontario’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry says talks continue in an effort to resolve an issue that led to the closure of a provincial park nearly two weeks ago.Pinery Provincial Park in southwestern Ontario was closed to the public on Nov. 9 after demonstrators set up a trailer by the front gate in support of what police said was a land claim.Ministry spokeswoman Emily Kirk says the trailer has been moved so that it now blocks the park entrance.Kirk says the ministry and Ontario Provincial Police are involved in discussions with the individuals involved.The park near Grand Bend, Ont., boasts about 10 kilometres of sand beach along Lake Huron and 21 square kilometres of forests and rolling dunes.It has been the site of land claim protests in the past.An Aboriginal family led by demonstrator Maynard T. George has made several attempts to “repossess” Pinery Provincial Park in past years, saying the land belongs to approximately 100 of his great-grandfather’s descendants.In 2004, then Ontario attorney general Michael Bryant told the legislature that George’s claim was “an individual grievance” and not a land claim.Bryant noted that the First Nations in the area — Kettle and Stony Point First Nation — had said that they didn’t endorse the grievance and that they have no land claim at Pinery.Pinery Park is near Camp Ipperwash, where a land claim demonstration turned deadly in 1995 when a police sniper killed Dudley George — no relation to Maynard George — during a raid on the protesters’ camp.The Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation approved the deal with the federal government in 2015 to settle that claim.last_img read more

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Liberals take aim at 2019 election with budget to focus on gender

first_imgOTTAWA – Gender equality and a national pharmacare plan are expected to be two of the cornerstones of the federal budget when it is presented in the House of Commons Tuesday afternoon by Finance Minister Bill Morneau.He has already hinted at efforts to boost the participation of women in the workforce as part of an overall plan to promote so-called inclusive growth.One measure expected in the spending plan is dedicated paid leave for new fathers — or, in the case of same-sex relationships, the non-birthing parent. The goal is to allow parents to handle the task of raising children more equitably.The focus on gender equality — a key priority for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government — could also mean federal dollars to help close the gender wage gap in federally regulated workplaces.The budget will also include plans to take the first steps toward a national pharmacare plan — a strategy which would outflank NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh, who has made such a program one of his top priorities.Senior government officials have told The Canadian Press on condition of anonymity that former Ontario health minister Eric Hoskins will be tasked with leading the effort to breathe life into the pharmacare plan.Hoskins hinted at his new position when he abruptly resigned both his cabinet position and his seat in the Ontario legislature Monday, saying he was leaving “to continue building better health care for all Canadians.”The parliamentary budget watchdog calculated last fall that a national, universal pharmacare program would cost more than $19 billion, but could still slash the overall cost of drugs in Canada by more than $4 billion a year.The federal budget is not expected to balance the books, nor is it likely to include a revised timeline for erasing the deficit, which the Liberals initially pledged to do by 2019.The budget is instead expected to unveil major investments in basic scientific research and environmental conservation.It is also expected to include nearly $80 million over five years to build and run a computer system aimed at ending no-fly list mismatches and $50 million over five years to support local journalism in underserved communities.Investments in child welfare and housing for Indigenous communities, expanding a tax credit for low-income earners and spending to help Canadians upgrade their skills for a rapidly changing job market are other expected budget measures.last_img read more

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Aboriginal leaders hopeful of Plan Nord relaunch

first_imgAPTN National NewsHundreds of people gathered in downtown Montreal Wednesday for the relaunching of Plan Nord.Quebec Premier Philippe Couillard had a clear message for the northern communities.“We have not only talk about new mines in Quebec and new hydro-electric projects, but we have talk about quality of life of northern communities, schooling, day care, manpower training, all these elements are also parts of the project,” said Couillard.APTN’s Danielle Rochette was there and has his story.last_img read more

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Mixed emotions cautious optimism greet MMIW inquiry announcement

first_imgDennis Ward APTN National NewsIt was a day of mixed emotions and cautious optimism for some of the families of missing and murdered Indigenous women.Wednesday in Gatineau, Que., across the river from parliament hill, Indigenous Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett launched phase two of the national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls.APTN’s Dennis Ward reports.last_img

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Delano Williams of Grand Turk Bronze Medalist at IAAF

first_img Team Great Britain’s 4x400m relay team disqualified!! Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 31 Aug 2015 – Delano Williams is now a bronze medalist as a senior athlete after competing this weekend in the IAAF World Championships in the 4x400m relay on Team Great Britain. Williams, who hails from Grand Turk, helped his team qualify by running a brilliant second leg in the heats, and then doing it again – superbly – in the finals for the medal. The 4x400m which was the last race of the games actually sets up Team GB for a highly anticipated showing in the 2016 Summer Olympics set for Brazil; if the crew remains intact and can repeat this Sunday’s performance, the Turks and Caicos could be looking at Delano becoming the first islander to earn Olympic hardware. Youth and Sports Minister, Deputy Premier Akierra Missick said: “I wish to extend warm congratulations to TCI’s golden boy Delano Williams on that amazing performance at the 2015 IAAF World Championships… You are representing team Great Britain, but have done the Turks and Caicos proud during these games.” The Minister congratulated each team member for a strong showing, and added that: “This is a great day for The Turks and Caicos Islands and we stand proud and salute our son of the soil.” Delano posted this: “Talent wins games but teamwork and intelligence wins championships” It was a pleasure and a whole lot of fun working with these fellows for GB 4x400m.” The team, including Rabah Yousif, Jarryd Dunn and Martyn Rooney ran in a time of 2:58:51 to follow the USA with first and Trinidad and Tobago, who earned second and the silver medal in the event. Related Items:bronze medal, delano williams, Deputy Premier Akierra Missick, team UK The Nation will stand still to watch the country’s first Olympian Delano Williams return home postponed due to weather Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApplast_img read more

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Layoff RoundUp Entrepreneur Forbes More …

first_imgIt’s a battlefield out there. Yesterday, b-to-b publisher Cygnus Business Media laid off 30 staffers, or about 6 percent of its workforce, and suspended publication of two photography titles.In terms of layoff/cutback stories, that was just the tip of the iceberg.Rumors surfaced late Tuesday about massive editorial layoffs at Irvine, California-based Entrepreneur Media. Two FOLIO: requests for comment have gone unanswered, but a knowledgeable source tells me that eight editorial staffers—including executive editor Charlotte Jensen and managing editor Mike Werling—have been cut. If that’s true, a quick count of editorial names on the masthead indicates that 15 print and online editorial employees remain—including a copy editor, a research editor, a listings assistant and two interns. There aren’t many people left to write the magazine. There also have been rumors that Forbes Media has started a second round of layoffs, this time letting go more than 50 people. My e-mail about the cuts was bounced from spokesperson to spokesperson and I never received an official response. Forbes announced a restructuring in November that resulted in 43 layoffs.The rumors hit b-to-b publishing, too. Sources told me today that Milo Media—which saw six staffers, including several publishers, walk out last week to form their own, competing publishing company—has closed down altogether. Phone calls and e-mails to president Mike Domke have not been returned.I also received a tip that Randolph, New Jersey-based Edgell Communications slashed employee salaries by 10 percent company-wide. That, it turns out, was true. “As consistent with Edgell’s operating philosophy, particularly over this recent downturn, the salary reduction was a proactive decision based on the high degree of uncertainty in the market,” a spokesperson wrote in an e-mail. “Our revenue forecasting—even over several months—has become increasingly unreliable.” Edgell, which reorganized late last year, said no layoffs were associated with the salary cuts.Even as I’m writing this, I’ve stumbled upon more rumors of layoffs and closings.It’s a tough time to be in magazine publishing. Sometimes it seems all you can do is put on your helmet and let the shrapnel fall.last_img read more

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Time Inc News Group Digital President Vivek Shah to Step Down

first_imgThe former Fortune/Money Group president was named news group digital president late last year in the wake of Time Inc.’s dramatic restructuring that resulted in 600 layoffs. Time Inc. parent Time Warner is scheduled to report its third quarter earnings Wednesday. It has been rumored that the company might announce several hundred more layoffs at Time Inc. at that time. After 15 years at Time Inc., Vivek Shah is stepping down as digital president of the company’s news group. Shah [pictured] will remain with the company until the end of the year. His position will not be replaced. Time.com general manager Jim Cantarella is expected to be promoted to senior vice president of digital for the news group.“There are all sorts of possibilities in the digital word and I will be exploring it,” Shah told paidContent’s Rafat Ali.last_img read more

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BtoB Publisher ThinkGlobal To Launch Virtual Marketplaces

first_imgThe USA Export Expo will be extremely horizontal in its market reach, according to Sandler, with virtual booths displaying wares “from ambulances and all-terrain vehicles to vitamins and playground equipment”. The Investment USA Expo will have a similar horizontal reach, presenting various development opportunities for oversea investors to engage with. Business-to-business higher education and international trade publisher ThinkGlobal is partnering with online service provider Onstream Media with its MarketPlace365 agreement to create two new virtual marketplaces that will serve domestic companies and international buyers, as well as foreign investors. These marketplaces will allow vendors and buyers to meet virtually, share wares and insights, to network and learn more about their industries without traveling to do so.Greg Sandler, president of ThinkGlobal, says USA Export Expo (which will serve domestic companies and those buyers outside the US) and Investment USA Expo (highlighting development opportunities in the United States) will have capabilities beyond the traditional tradeshow.The virtual marketplace model is similar to that of a bricks-and-mortars tradeshow model, with vendors paying for booth space, as well as given the option to display banners in the virtual hallway and auditorium of the marketplaces. Links to the advertiser’s websites will be directly imbedded into the banners for simple user navigation. There will be sponsorship opportunities available to vendors as well.Currently, there are 275,000 domestic companies exporting internationally, and 70 percent of the world’s purchasing power is outside of the U.S., according to Sandler.“Combine those two things, you have a situation that is tailor-made for bringing buyers and sellers together under one roof,” he says. As for attendance prices, Sandler says admission will be free for qualified attendees after they register.Both marketplaces will feature an auditorium in which industry experts and government officials will deliver keynote speeches; there will also be a learning center where attendees can hear educational sessions presented by panels of moderators. A networking lounge will be available for attendees to “exchange business cards and connect one-on-one in real time.” A media library, a repository of collected sources that acts as a resource center for the industry, will also be available for attendee access.All options will be available through both live streaming and on demand.ThinkGlobal will promote these marketplaces through a variety of channels. “We’re going to be building upon our existing relationships to start. We will very selectively use other outlets, traditional email marketing and social media. Focusing on outlets we think are the most appropriate for reaching our target markets, we’ll be doing promotion at bricks and mortars trade shows as well as print advertising,” says Sandler.USA Export Expo and Investment USA Expo are slated to go live in fourth quarter 2011.last_img read more

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After Harvey Houston ISD Other Districts Could Get Break on Recapture Bills

first_img X To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Listen 00:00 /01:10 APStephanie Garcia, left, waits with her family at a high school gym to be evacuated as the outer bands of Hurricane Harvey begin to make landfall, Friday, Aug. 25, 2017, in Corpus Christi, Texas. Harvey intensified into a hurricane Thursday and steered for the Texas coast with the potential for up to 3 feet of rain, 125 mph winds and 12-foot storm surges in what could be the fiercest hurricane to hit the United States in almost a dozen years.(AP Photo/Eric Gay)Before Harvey flooded much of the city, the Houston Independent School District owed almost $80 million in so-called Robin Hood money. It’s considered property wealthy and has to share money with property-poor school districts.It worried Superintendent Richard Carranza in the wake of the storm, when he roughly estimated the damage and manpower hours could cost HISD hundreds of millions of dollars.“This is important for us, that we look at the totality of what’s going to be flowing out, in terms of resources, for HISD and that we have that very structured conversation about how do we make the district whole, or at least somewhat whole,” Carranza said. Turns out wealthy districts like Houston can get a break on their bill after a natural disaster.Attorney David Thompson, who counsels school districts, said that they can apply some of the money owed to the state to disaster-related expenses that insurance or the Federal Emergency Management Agency won’t cover.“Frankly, it makes a lot of sense,” he said. “After a disaster, local property tax dollars that citizens are paying certainly should be used first to help recovery in their own community before simply being sent to Austin to be put in general revenue.”Thompson estimated Houston’s bill could be reduced by several million dollars. He added that the Texas Education Commissioner could also set up grant programs for districts that suffered damage from Harvey, but aren’t considered property wealthy. Sharelast_img read more

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Twitter Reveals Password Bug Recommends Users Change Passwords

first_img Popular on Variety Twitter disclosed that it discovered a bug in its system for storing passwords — which left them exposed in an internal log — and its top technology exec said that “out of an abundance of caution” users should consider changing their passwords.Twitter shares dropped as much as 2.7% in after-hours trading Thursday after the social-media company disclosed the bug.In a blog post, Twitter CTO Parag Agrawal said the company had fixed the glitch and that its internal investigation “shows no indication of breach or misuse by anyone.”“We are very sorry this happened,” Agrawal wrote. “We recognize and appreciate the trust you place in us, and are committed to earning that trust every day.”Twitter didn’t say how many users’ passwords were being stored in clear text. For the first quarter of 2018, it reported an average monthly active user base of 336 million accounts worldwide. Twitter users are able to change their password on the password settings page, available at this link. Agrawal also pointed users to Twitter’s two-factor authentication login settings, which sends a six-digit code to a user’s phone number that is required to log in to the service in addition to username and password.Twitter uses an industry-standard “hashing” mechanism to mask passwords; that replaces the actual password with a “random set of numbers and letters that are stored in Twitter’s system,” Agrawal explained.However, the bug in Twitter’s password-storage system caused user passwords to be stored before completing the hashing process. “We found this error ourselves, removed the passwords, and are implementing plans to prevent this bug from happening again,” Agrawal wrote.In February 2016, Twitter disclosed that it had discovered and fixed a bug in its password-recovery systems within 24 hours after identifying it. That bug, which affected almost 10,000 accounts, didn’t expose passwords but “had the potential to expose the email address and phone number associated with a small number of accounts,” according to the company. In the past, several high-profile Twitter accounts have been hijacked by hackers — including those of Netflix, HBO, Marvel, and even Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey himself. Those incidents don’t appear to be related the bug Twitter just disclosed. It’s also worth noting that Twitter isn’t alone in being susceptible to account hacks: For example, last summer someone broke into the Instagram account of Selena Gomez and posted a nude pic of ex-boyfriend Justin Bieber.center_img ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15last_img read more

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New Research From Psychological Science

first_imgWhen the Muses Strike: Creative Ideas of Physicists and Writers Routinely Occur During Mind WanderingShelly L. Gable, Elizabeth A. Hopper, and Jonathan W. Schooler Conceptually Rich, Perceptually Sparse: Object Representations in 6-Month-Old Infants’ Working MemoryMelissa M. Kibbe and Alan M. Leslie Read about the latest research published in Psychological Science: A Tight Spot: How Personality Moderates the Impact of Social Norms on Sojourner AdaptationNicolas Geeraert, Ren Li, Colleen Ward, Michele Gelfand, and Kali A. Demes How do contextual factors and personality traits affect how individuals adapt to a new culture when they temporarily move to a different country? To answer this question, Geeraert and colleagues analyzed data from a longitudinal acculturation project that measured young adults’ personality and cultural adaptation during and after a temporary move to a different country. These measures were collected on three occasions: 3 months before departure as well as 2 weeks and 5 months after arrival to the host country. Overall, participants who moved to a tight culture (i.e., one with strong norms and little tolerance for deviance) showed less adaptation than those who moved to a loose culture (i.e., one with less rigid norms), but participants originally from a tight culture showed more adaptation than those from a loose culture. Participants who scored higher on agreeableness and honesty-humility were less likely to feel the negative effects of cultural tightness or to return early to their home country. These results may help ensure a good fit between individuals’ personalities and their destination culture, which will increase the benefits of the rapid increase in international mobility. Do infants remember conceptual information about an object (e.g., the object is a ball) even when they do not remember perceptual information (e.g., the object is round and green)? This study indicates that they do. Six-month-old infants were familiarized with a yellow and red striped ball and a doll’s head with brown skin and eyes. The two objects were then hidden one at a time in separate locations. One of the objects then reappeared at the location where the first object was hidden; critically, this object could be the same one that had been hidden there or the other object. The experimenters measured the time that infants spent looking at this object. Infants looked longer when the object had been swapped, indicating that they remembered the hidden object’s conceptual information. This effect did not occur when the doll’s head was inverted and therefore not processed as a face. It also did not occur when the ball was swapped for a green ball with red polka dots or when the doll’s head was swapped for a doll’s head with pink skin and blue eyes, indicating that infants’ memory for the first object hidden relied on conceptual details (e.g., is the object a ball or a head?) but not on perceptual details (e.g., does the object have brown or blue eyes?). These results suggest that infants may encode the conceptual category of a hidden object, even when perceptual features are lost. Mind wandering, which involves thoughts that are both independent from the task at hand and different from one’s previous thoughts on the matter, can generate creative ideas experienced as “aha” moments, this study suggests. Every day for 1 or 2 weeks, physicists and writers listed their most important creative idea of the day, described what they were thinking and doing when the idea occurred, and rated the importance of the idea and whether it felt like an “aha” moment or not. Participants reported that about 20% of their most important ideas occurred when their minds were wandering, and these ideas were rated as being equally important and creative as the ideas formed while working on task. After 3 or 6 months, they rated all these previous ideas as slightly more creative but less important. Overall, ideas generated during mind wandering were more likely to be rated as “aha” moments, compared with ideas generated while working. Hence, profession-related ideas that occur outside of work when people are not thinking about the topic can be inventive and create sudden insights, showing a positive side of mind wandering.last_img read more

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ECB chairman opens door to KPs return

first_imgIncoming England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) chairman Colin Graves has given Kevin Pietersen a glimmer of hope that he may yet be able to resurrect his England career. Pietersen, 34, has not played for England since the ECB effectively called time on his international career following the disastrous Ashes tour of 2013-14.But with England toiling at the World Cup and Pietersen having spoken of his eagerness to return to the team, Graves has suggested that a return to English county cricket could open the door for a dramatic comeback. “The first thing he has to do if he wants to get back is start playing county cricket. The selectors and the coaches are not going to pick him if he’s not playing. It’s as simple as that. I’ll leave it at that,” Graves told BBC Radio 5 on Sunday. Also Read – Khel Ratna for Deepa and Bajrang, Arjuna for JadejaPietersen is currently without a county after leaving Surrey and although Graves is not an ECB selector, he believes a county return would help the outspoken South Africa-born batsman’s cause. Asked if he was in favour of Pietersen returning for England, Graves replied: “At the end of the day it’s down to the selectors and coaches and what they feel is best for English cricket. They will make the decisions and I will support their decisions.”last_img read more

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Going beyond boundaries

first_imgWith Bollywood films now exploring new heights in terms of domestic and overseas incomes, which are soaring sky-high, is it hard to analyse the success and popularity of Indian film-making business? The latest example of proliferation of Bollywood films in Australia is explained by Pat Fiske, where she said that the aboriginal community of Ramingining in northern Australia are familiar to the colourful scenes, melodrama and music of Bollywood. Also Read – A vintage affair with Shyam SundarPat Fiske is an Australian Documentary filmmaker, who revealed in an interview to Millennium Post, during her recent visit to the national Capital, that Aboriginal people of Australia are crazy about Bollywood films. She said: “I was working on a film and we were filming in the Ramingining community of northern Australia and the kids there love Bollywood films and I loved watching Bollywood films with them because they would dance, they would get up and perform which would make me emotional because they get so happy.” Also Read – Melodious Mavericks – Jatin LalitShe added: “The boys, they would dress up as women sometimes. They would wear a bra and grass skirts and have great fun.” When asked why they (the Aboriginal community) are so attracted towards Bollywood films, Martin Butler, another Documentary maker ponders and says: “Probably through the DVD’s because the community of Ramingining are remote and they have few TV sets and say let’s say that one may have the access to anything they like.” He adds: “I think that Bollywood is great fun and probably that’s exactly what attracts them.” Aboriginal Australians have inhabited the continent since 50,000 years. Martin Butler’s documentary First Footprints explores, through various heritage sites, the presence of the Aboriginal people and the possibilities of them being the most advanced community to have travelled to foreign lands from Africa. However from the time of Captain Cook’s arrival the British government acted as if Australia were uninhabited. So, instead of admitting that it was invading land that belonged to Aboriginal people, Britain acted as if it was settling an empty land. Martin Butler said: “In Australia there never was a treaty because the settlers said that the legal status was terra nullius which means empty land and that there is nobody here sufficiently advanced enough to make a treaty with.”“That was an extraordinary statement but that was the legal basis upon which Australia existed. That has shaped the attitude of White Australia towards the Aboriginal community,” Martin Butler added and believes that formal acknowledgement by the White Australians would be a better idea. Bollywood, earlier existing as mere cheap entertainment and as a replacement for banned Hollywood films in different countries like Nigeria and Soviet Union, the industry has  now risen and covered the globe extensively.Bollywood comprises both Hindi movies and movies made in the regional languages. Australia also brings out a large number of feature films and documentaries in English as well as native Aboriginal langauges per year. Classics of Hindi cinema like Mother India, Sholay, Zanjeer and Don to the films shot in Australia like Dil Chahta Hai, Salam Namaste and others have managed to reach the core of Australia, and are loved as much as in the home country. So, how is it that Bollywood, with no geographical proximity, language or cultural connection is able to thrive in a completely different land altogether?Bollywood in Australia: Transnationalism and Cultural Production, a research paper introduction written by MakandParajape and Andrew Hassam from the University of Wollongong explores Bollywood industry and answers the question quite clearly when it says: “Bollywood films have circulated globally among the Indian and South Asian diaspora as a shared cultural idiom. They have also been immensely popular in the erstwhile Soviet Union and on the African continent. Further, in an age when creative, information and services industries propel economic growth, Bollywood and its modalities of production, distribution and reception, are seen as important players in global culture industry networks. Countries of the developed world – Switzerland, Ireland, The Netherlands, Australia, and New Zealand – go out of their way to welcome Bollywood production teams to shoot in their pristine locales. Local cinema houses in Australia, the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK) and Europe regularly run shows ofnewly released Bollywood blockbusters. Many Hollywood producers now outsource their post-production work to Mumbai at costs lower than those they would incur in the US.”The quote hence reflects upon a symbiotic relationship where culture is shared and each nation makes profits, but that is not the only reason why Aboriginal communities are introduced to films. There has to be a need for reflection upon the usage of methods of communication and other factors. With time, methods of connecting have also changed. Earlier, it was older colonial circuits that linked the two countries and now the technology which helps a user get information and cultural products.The introduction of the research paper clearly lists out the reasons when it says: “Bollywood is not integrated with, say, the Czech Republic to the same degree as Australia. Many other factors are responsible for the kind of impact that it has on Australia. Among these are the English language and the older colonial circuits that linked India and Australia. The Indian diaspora finds it easier to migrate to English-speaking countries. These countries, in turn, find it easier to receive cultural products from India. In the case of Australia, its close cultural ties with the UK and the US also make its society more receptive to Bollywood.”But the above point reflects upon the presence of Bollywood films in a general manner in Australia due to presence Indian diaspora but Bollywood has also entered the hearts of Aboriginal Australians. Is it not possible that Aboriginal cultural products be showcased in Indian films.Martin Butler hoping to get the Aboriginal Australians on the international radar due to their cultural products said: “There may be the possibility, that future Bollywood movies set in Australia will portray greater political sensitivity and recognise the existence of Aboriginal Australians as part of a more inclusive Australian society.”Hence as the whole world is witnessing exchange of cultural products, it is time that Bollywood explores not only the abundance of Hollywood films, locations and screenplays but also the cultural heritage of other nations.last_img read more

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