A non-linear regression model describing the mass-balance distribution of the whole Vatnajokull ice cap, Iceland, for the years 1992-2000 is presented. All available data from some 40 locations over this 9 year period were used to determine the parameters of the model. The regression model uses six adjustable parameters which all have a clear physical interpretation. They are the slope, direction and the height of the equilibrium-line altitude (ELA) plane, two altitude mass-balance gradients, and a maximum value of the surface mass balance. It is found that the temporal variation of the observed mass-balance distribution can be accurately described through annual shifts of the ELA. Annual shifts in ELA are on the order of 100 m, which is of the same magnitude as the change expected to be caused by the climate variation predicted during the next decades. A slight trend towards a more negative mass balance is detected during this 9 year period.
USC recently released a detailed report of its greenhouse gas emission activities from 2001 to 2009 to provide a baseline number of the amount of emissions during a typical year.The report, which was put together by the USC Office of Sustainability, highlights the gas emission output of both USC’s University Park Campus and Health Sciences Campus.This report was completed to help understand where the university stands on such an important issue as GHG emissions, according to Ed Becker, the executive director of Environmental Health and Safety.“This is the first greenhouse gas emission inventory that the university has done, and it can help in gauging what to do in the future,” Becker said. “The faculty and students can work together, look at the inventory and use this data to create something. What they’ll create, we will have to wait to see.”The emissions output is categorized into three scopes that includes direct emissions, indirect emissions and the emission of GHGs from the creation of products and services that the university employs.In the last couple of years, USC has become more environmentally aware, according to Becker.“There is an energy department on campus that has done numerous energy projects for the last couple of years, replacing better efficient light bulbs, chilling systems, among other things,” Becker said.As USC works toward a greener future, this report is a step in building student involvement and becoming a more sustainable campus.“Put out a rich set of data and the academic community will take it in a direction we never imagined,” Becker said.As a whole, the university has had a 19 percent increase in GHG emissions from the year 2001 to 2009, according to the report. Emissions, which peaked in 2007, have decreased by 3 percent as a direct correlation to the actions the university has taken toward becoming more environmentally friendly.Becker said a green office program was started recently, where different on campus departments can certify their commitment to being environmentally friendly.This report is only the starting point, according to Becker.“We didn’t have a baseline before, this report is intended to form a baseline for future inventory and allow for students and faculty to make comparisons when experimenting,” Becker said.The report measures GHG in tonnes, which is a metric unit equal to about 2,200 pounds. From 2001 to 2009, USC emitted an estimated 1.4 million tonnes into the atmosphere.The report puts the number into perspective by comparing USC’s combined output of 1.4 million tonnes to New York City’s annual output of 60 million tonnes.“The main goal is that we want USC to be a living laboratory for students and for them to really learn about energy efficiency projects and the effect of GHGs in the environment,” Becker said. “We want to provide the information and pathway to apply some of the things they are learning, to use USC and its resources to experiment.”Becker said because USC is such a large campus, any successful programs to eliminate GHG emissions might also be applied to larger metropolitan areas.The report details the emission of gas in different buildings on campus during each individual month to demonstrate how weather, occupancy and other factors either contribute to an increase or decrease of GHG emissions.Jeffrey Nakashioya, a junior majoring in environmental science, said he thinks that the GHG emission report was a smart move by USC.“It’s great that they are making the information more accessible to the students,” Nakashioya said. “Awareness and an honest evaluation of the issues are crucial if good policy is to follow.”
Beachgoers in Delray Beach were met with an unsettling surprise after a pair of dead sharks washed ashore, Tuesday morning.The sharks were reportedly spotted near the shoreline on the north end of Delray Beach.One of the sharks appeared to be a baby while the other one was said to be full grown.The sharks did not wash-up together as the baby was reportedly more decomposed than the other.The Ocean Rescue division of the Delray Beach Fire Department said crews were dispatched to remove the dead sharks.“Ocean Rescue officials said if you see dead sharks along the beach, call the agency right away at 561-243-7352.”
The suspect made off with cash and pre-fried tostada shells. The police department says he may also be responsible for at least two other burglaries inside that Taco Bell, which is located at the Boynton Beach Mall, earlier this month.Anyone with information about the burglar is asked to call the Boynton Beach Police Department (561) 732-8116, or Palm Beach Crime Stoppers at (800) 458-TIPS. A local police department is looking for a unidentified man who was caught on camera robbing a Taco Bell, and helping himself to some of the restaurant’s ingredients in the process.The Boynton Beach Police Department released surveillance video last Thursday that shows a man wearing a hooded sweatshirt moving through the restaurant.
More than 1,300 residents of one central Florida city are about to receive an unexpected letter about a Thanksgiving gift made by their church.According to a report in The Lakeland Ledger, the congregation of Access Church just paid off $1.62 million of outstanding medical debt for low-income residents of Lakeland.Ryan Jordan, the executive pastor at Access Church, says a member raised the idea earlier this year of finding a way to address medical debts. Access Church then partnered with New York-based nonprofit organization RIP Medical Debt to look into the past-due medical debts that were owed by Lakeland city residents who have incomes at or below 50 percent of the federal poverty line. The total was more than $3 million.
On Saturday Trump spoke to a group of young conservatives at Turning Point Summit at the Palm Beach County Convention Center in downtown West Palm Beach.President Trump Discusses Impeachment, Economy and Election in Local Speech The president is also scheduled to hold a campaign event Jan. 3 in Miami to launch an “Evangelicals for Trump” coalition. He is in town till January 5. It appears as though President Donald Trump was spotted on Sunday at his golf club near West Palm Beach having lunch with conservative talk show host Rush Limbaugh, his son Eric Trump, and professional golfer Jim Herman.Instagram user styleconnoisseur03 posted the photo. A source inside the club confirmed to DailyMail.com that the president dined in with his son and Herman.
Authorities have arrested a 51-year-old South Florida man after he attempted to kill his dog.The incident occurred Sunday morning in Miami Beach.Witness say they were walking by and noticed the suspect, Louis Sepulveda, using the tailgate of his pickup truck to bash the black Labrador Retriever’s head and neck. One of the witnesses then stepped in and rescued the dog before subduing Sepulveda until authorities arrived.Sepulveda was taken into police custody where he remained as of Monday evening.He has been charged with a felony charge of animal cruelty with intent to injure or kill.
A 52-year-old man in Albert Road, Portsmouth was enjoying a kebab at a local establishment when a fight broke out around him. So what did he do? Continue to enjoy his food, of course.
By Patrick Murray7-in-10 residents say New Jersey is good place to liveIn its regular tracking of New Jerseyans’ satisfaction with life in their state, the Monmouth University Poll found that the current Garden State Quality of Life Index has jumped to +31, from +25 in February. This marks the third consecutive increase in the index and the highest score since the index debuted in December 2010 at +21.Upward movement in the Garden State Quality of Life Index seems to have accelerated in the past few months, with the biggest factor being more positive views of New Jersey as a whole.Currently, 7-in-10 residents rate the state of New Jersey as either an excellent (20 percent) or good (50 percent) place to live. This 70 percent positive rating is the highest recorded since May 2003 when it stood at 72 percent, and a marked improvement over the 30-year low of 57 percent recorded less than one year ago in August 2011.The state evaluation contributes half of the total Garden State Quality of Life Index score. The other half is comprised of ratings of various local aspects of New Jersey life. These ratings have remained fairly steady, including positive ratings of one’s town as a place to live (76 percent), the local environment (75 percent), local schools (63 percent) and neighborhood safety (64 percent).Compared to February, the Garden State Quality of Life Index has seen significant increases among New Jersey men – from +20 two months ago to +33 now. The score among state women was more stable – from +30 to +28 now.The index score among older residents also jumped. New Jerseyans age 55 and older now score +37 on the index – up from +26 in February – and give higher ratings than those age 35 to 54 (+30) or 18 to 34 (+25). The Garden State Quality of Life Index score among urban residents nearly doubled from +11 in February to +20 now, but still trails the score of suburban residents (+36).The Garden State Quality of Life Index was created by the Monmouth University Polling Institute to serve as a resident-based indicator of the quality of life offered by the state of New Jersey. The index is based on five separate poll questions: overall opinion of the state as a place to live – which contributes half the index score – and ratings of one’s hometown, the performance of local schools, the quality of the local environment, and feelings of safety in one’s own neighborhood.The index can potentially range from -100 to +100.Patrick Murray is the director of the Monmouth University Polling Institute.
By John BurtonRED BANK, August 6 – Borough Council President Arthur V. Murphy III, who this week became embroiled in controversy over a video showing him arguing with a local business owner, will resign from the Red Bank Borough Council on Wednesday.Murphy, a Democrat, did not immediately return calls seeking comment on Thursday.Monmouth County Democratic Chairman Vin Gopal did confirm Murphy’s plans.The approximately half-minute video shows Murphy at a party in what appears to be a private home, using expletives while disparaging the now-defunct Lucky Breaks Billiards.Gopal, however, said Murphy’s decision was not solely in response to the video. “It’s part of a larger problem,” with contemporary politics,” Gopal said, alleging that political opponents had on the sly recorded Murphy, unbeknownst the councilman, and released it for political gains.“It’s sad it’s come to this,” Gopal said, noting these alleged tactics increasingly have been making it difficult to get qualified candidates.“It is kind of disgusting. It’s pitting neighbor against neighbor,” said Borough Councilman Edward Zipprich, who serves as the municipal Democratic chairman.Sean Di Somma, the borough Republican chairman said in a posting on the Facebook Red Bank Republican page, that Murphy was “a great guy,” someone “who played by the rules and gave back to his community.”Along with the politics, Murphy has become increasingly busy with business and family obligations, according to Gopal.Murphy owns and operates a construction contracting business and was born and raised in the borough. He was first appointed in September 2003 to fill the unexpired term of a retiring borough council member, going on the be elected to four three-year terms.Murphy, who was seeking his fifth full term, has served as police and fire commissioner as well as council president for a number of years.The local Democratic committee has 45 days from when Murphy formally tenders his resignation, which will be at the Aug. 12 council meeting, to put together a list of three possible replacements, which has to be approved by the party’s county committee, with the borough council making the final selection.The county committee has until early September to name a replacement candidate for the November ballot, according to Gopal.The borough council current makeup is 4-2, with Democrats holding the majority and a Democratic mayor.